Life Span: 15-20 years
Size: Approx 30-40cm
The little penguin is the smallest of the 17 penguin species. They are blueish-grey with a white underside and throat. Males are slightly bigger than females.
Collective noun: Colony
Size: The little penguin is the smallest of all the penguin species.
Vocals: These penguins are noisy communicators, producing a variety of distinctive snorts, screeches, brays and growls depending on their activity.
Native: The little penguin is the only species of penguin found in Australia. While all species of penguin are found in the Southern Hemisphere, it is often surprising to people that penguins can be found as far north as Sydney. In fact, only few species are found in cold climates.
Preening: Little penguins spend a lot of time preening themselves with a wax-like oil that is secreted from a gland near the base of their tail. This assists in waterproofing.
Moulting: Little penguins undergo an annual moult that lasts for about 15 days. They come ashore to moult and do not go out to sea during this time because they have lost their waterproofing. They retire to burrows and shelters and don’t eat during this time.
Predators: Natural predators of little penguins include sharks and seals.