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Scientific Name: 
Neoceratodus forsteri
Phylum: 
Chordata
Species class: 
Pisces
Order: 
Ceratodontiformes
Family: 
Ceratodontidae
Genus: 
Neoceratodus
Species: 
forsteri

Fossil records show that the Australian Lungfish has been around since the Cretaceous period, approximately 100 million years ago. Unlike most fish species, the Lungfish possesses a single lung allowing it to breathe air during times of drought when the deep pools it lives in may all but dry up. After first discovery of the Lungfish is was believed they were descendent from amphibians, but records now show that they have evolved from a common ancestor. Australian Lungfish are very long-lived and slow-growing, eventually getting up to 1.5m in length and weighing up to 40 kgs. The oldest Australian Lungfish in captivity was around 80 years old.
Spawning occurs at night from August to December, with eggs being deposited onto aquatic vegetation. Australian Lungfish do not show ant parental care towards their offspring, unlike some other lungfish species. Found throughout the Burnett & Mary River systems in South-East Queensland, the Australian Lungfish is a vulnerable species protected under the Commonwealth Environment Protection & Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) They are primarily a carnivorous species feeding on tadpoles, frogs, smaller fish, molluscs, shrimp, earthworms and occasionally aquatic plants.

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