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Scientific Name: 
Rhinoceros unicornis
Phylum: 
Chordata
Species class: 
Mammalia
Order: 
Perissodactyla
Genus: 
Rhinoceros
Species: 
unicornis
Status: 
Vulnerable
Population Trend: 
Increasing

The Greater One-Horned Rhino or Indian Rhino is the second heaviest rhino and is primarily found in north-eastern India and Nepal. Fully grown males are larger than females weighing 2000kg – 2300kg while females weigh approximately 1400- 1600kg. The Greater One-Horned Rhino is from 1.7 to 2m tall and can be up to 4m in length. They have a single horn which is made from keratin that can reach lengths between 20cm and 61cm. The Greater One-Horned Rhino’s hearing and sense of smell is acute, but they have poor vision and cannot see a stationary animal 30 metres away. The Greater One-Horned Rhino can run at speeds of up to 40km/h for short periods of time and is also an excellent swimmer. Greater One-Horned Rhinos can live up to 40 years in human care.

This prehistoric looking rhinoceros has thick, silver-brown skin with large skin folds that look like armour plating.  Males develop thick neck folds and their upper legs and shoulders are covered in wart like bumps.  They have very little body hair, aside from eye lashes, ear fringes and tail brush.

Region: 
Source: 
www.iucnredlist.org
Year assessed: 
2008