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Scientific Name: 
Equus ferus
Phylum: 
Chordata
Species class: 
Mammalia
Order: 
Perissodactyla
Genus: 
Equus
Species: 
ferus
Status: 
Endangered

Known as Przewalski's Horse in the West and Takhi ("Takhi" means "spirit" or "spiritual”) in Mongolia, these dun-colored, black-maned equids are the only wild horses left in the world.

The Mongolian Wild Horse was originally hunted for food in Europe and Asia, as can be seen in cave paintings made about 11,000 years ago and are thought to have been domesticated for food about 8,000 years ago.  They were also bred to produce the many varieties of domestic horse which exist today.

The Przewalski’s Horse has long ears, straight shoulders, an erect mane and a sparse tail.  It is about 12-14 hands when fully grown.  It differs from the present day horse by having a bigger head, stockier build, shorter neck and no fore-lock.  It has a dark stripe down the middle of its back from the mane to its tail.

The colour of its coat varies in different seasons.  In the summer, the horses’ coat becomes a light yellow colour and the underside almost becomes white.  In winter the coat becomes a yellowish brown and becomes quite shaggy.  The lower parts of the limbs have black markings.

The Przewalski’s Horse have great powers of endurance and are able to withstand harsh environmental conditions.  They weigh approximately 300 kg fully grown.  They have a powerful kick and can run fast when speed is required.

Region: 
Source: 
www.iucnredlist.org
Year assessed: 
2011