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Scientific Name: 
Tachyglossus aculeatus
Phylum: 
Chordata
Species class: 
Mammalia
Order: 
Monotremata
Family: 
Tachyglossidae
Genus: 
Tachyglossus
Species: 
aculeatus
Status: 
Least Concern
Population Trend: 
Stable
Distribution Map: 

Echidna spines are actually long, tough, hollow hair follicles. These spines are their main form of defence, when disturbed echidnas burrow into the ground leaving only the spines exposed or roll into a spiky ball.

Echidnas are found in all habitats across Australia from desert, to forests and even alpine regions.
Using its pointed snout and sharp claws, the Short-beaked Echidna breaks into ant and termite nests and catches its prey by flicking its long sticky tongue in and out.

Region: 
Source: 
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Year assessed: 
2008