The habitat of the Greater One-horned Rhinoceros is shrinking, but within the few areas in India where they remain, populations are on the rise. This is largely due to anti-poaching patrols in protected areas. However, the increased population pressure causes rhinos to wander outside protected areas in search of new habitat.
Over-harvesting and illegal trafficking of reptiles for the western pet trade is recognised as a primary threat to many species’ survival. The most effective place to intercept trafficked endangered species is at the point of export, on borders. This interception requires legislation to protect species at risk, and for enforcement officers to recognise the protected species as they come through ports. This project provided a practical field guide to help front-line enforcement officers identify turtles.
Malleefowl generally dwell on the ground, making them particularly vulnerable to predators. Before European settlement, Malleefowl were found across large areas of Australia. The introduction of the fox, increased drought and habitat destruction mean it is now threatened across its limited range. An important species within the mallee ecosystem, captive breeding and release programs are under way.
The Southern Corroboree Frog is Australia's most critically endangered frog species, probably because of a disease caused by the Amphibian Chytrid Fungus. The fungus is thought to have entered Australia on frogs used in laboratory testing and is killing millions of amphibians around the world. Without a successful captive breeding and release program, this species will be extinct within five to 10 years, but breeding this species has proven very difficult.
The Hatinh Langur is a critically endangered primate species in Central Vietnam. Past hunting techniques have left the population of Hatinh Langurs fragmented, living in small isolated groups, which increases the risk of inbreeding and disease.
The endangered Southern Cassowary is Australia’s heaviest flightless bird, with a brightly coloured blue and purple head and a red wattle. This project worked with members of the community to revegetate cleared and degraded areas of the ancient Daintree lowland rainforest, where the Cassowary lives. The area is important habitat for 122 threatened species and has the highest concentration of primitive plant families in the world. Local stocks of these species were used in order to ensure they were best suited to the area.