In Vietnam, the major threat to this species is hunting, although some populations face pressures from mining and other resource extraction.
The isolation of populations due to habitat fragmentation taking place for agricultural development threatens the genetic viability of small populations.
In some areas of China, the threat of hunting is extremely severe, due to the illegal production of “black ape wine,” which is made specifically from this species; the animals are even imported illegally from Viet nam for this purpose.
In China, populations are threatened by habitat loss due to local cultivation and wood cutting for firewood.
Unmanaged fires that spread into limestone karst habitats also result in the loss of habitat.