Rhinos in Crisis

Three out of the world’s five rhino species are in critical danger – and the Javan Rhino and Sumatran Rhino are dangerously close to being lost forever. All five species are under threat from habitat destruction and illegal poaching.

Black Rhinoceros

(Diceros bicornis)

IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered

Home range: Africa

Estimated Population: 5,055

During the last century, the Black Rhino has suffered the most drastic decline, with only a few thousand remaining compared to hundreds of thousands just a few decades ago

Indian Rhinoceros

(Rhinoceros unicornis)

IUCN Red List:  Vulnerable

Home range: Northern India, Southern Nepal

Estimated Population: 2,800 - 2,850

Indian Rhino numbers have recovered from fewer than 200 earlier in the 20th century to as many as 2,850 today. However, the species’ recovery is precarious as poaching pressure remains high.

Javan Rhinoceros

(Rhinoceros sondaicus)

IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered

Home range: Indonesia

Estimated Population: 27-44

The Javan Rhino is the rarest of the rhino species with fewer than 50 animals surviving only in Indonesia’s Ujung Kulon National Park in West Java. If they disappear, that’s it.

Sumatran Rhinoceros

(Dicerorhinus sumatrensis)

IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered

Home range: Southeast Asia

Estimated Population: 152 – 199

The Sumatran Rhino is the most endangered of all rhinoceros species because of its rapid rate of decline. Because of poaching, numbers have decreased more than 50% over the last 20 years.

White Rhinoceros

(Ceratotherium simum)

IUCN Red List: Near Threatened

Home range: Africa

Estimated Population: 20,405

Of the two distinct subspecies, only the Southern White Rhino population remains viable. The Northern White Rhino is believed to be extinct.