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Scientific Name: 
Elephas maximus
Phylum: 
Chordata
Species class: 
Mammalia
Order: 
Proboscidea
Family: 
Elephantidae
Genus: 
Elephas
Species: 
maximus
Status: 
Endangered
Population Trend: 
Decreasing
Quick Facts

Lifespan: 50-70 years

Size: 2.5-3m at the shoulder

Weight: Females up to 4,000kg, Males up to 5,400kg. 

Fun Facts
  • An elephant's trunk is the most versatile appendage in the animal kingdom.
  • The brain of an adult elephant weighs between 3.6-5.4kg.
  • Elephants develop six sets of molar teeth throughout their lifetime.
  • Tusks are modified upper incisor teeth and are made of dentine and calcium salts
  • 50% of females grow ‘tushes’ which are much shorter than tusks and in some cases may not be seen under the trunk.
Distribution Map: 

Taronga has made a centenary commitment to the long-term support of this species. https://taronga.org.au/100-years/the-next-100-years/asian-elephant 

At Taronga:

A conservation breeding program for the Australasian region, driven by Taronga’s experts and partner zoos, is a vital part of the international effort towards elephant management.  Our breeding program has enjoyed great success, with three calves born so far. Gung is the father of Luk Chai & Tukta and one of only three breeding males in Australia. With our growing herd we have expanded the program to Taronga Western Plains in Dubbo. In an elephant group the crucial bonds are those between mothers and calves. Two of our cows, Porntip and Thong Dee, departed in 2015 with their male calves Luk Chai and Pathi Harn to make their new home in specially designed facilities in Dubbo.

Region: 
Source: 
www.iucnredlist.org
Year assessed: 
2008