In 2012 the Koala was listed as threatened by the NSW and Commonwealth Governments. Koalas face many threats, including habitat loss, clearing and degradation, drought, fire, climate change, predation by dogs, roadkill, disease and inbreeding. In 2010 the Koala population in NSW was estimated to be 21,000 individuals, a 33% decline since 1990.
There are significant opportunities to improve Koala habitat in north-eastern NSW, identified as a stronghold of Koalas in the state. The Jaliigirr Biodiversity Alliance supports the voluntary contributions of organisations, landholders and Aboriginal community, to improve and protect the biodiversity of the diverse landscapes between the Dorrigo Plateau, the hinterland and the coastal plains of the mid north coast of NSW. Through its partnership with the Alliance, Taronga is supporting Koalas conservation in north-eastern NSW.