Resources

Resources

Only a handful of sharks are known to be dangerous to humans.
Only a handful of sharks are known to be dangerous to humans.

Shark Know How

There are over 510 species of shark worldwide and 182 of these sharks have been found in Australian waters (as of 2010), but only a handful are known to be dangerous to humans.

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Only a handful of sharks are known to be dangerous to humans.
Divers during a shark attack study at Taronga
Divers during a shark attack study at Taronga

Shark attack theories

Shark attacks; why do they happen? Over the years there have been many theories raised to try and explain or justify the cause of shark attacks around the world. This paper lists the common theories (historical and modern) as to why unprovoked shark attacks on humans occur and briefly discusses each in relation to today’s knowledge of shark biology and shark attack behaviour, specifically in Australian waters.

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Divers during a shark attack study at Taronga
Great White Shark
Great White Shark

A review of shark attacks in Sydney

This paper will review unprovoked shark attacks in the Sydney region in relation to possible contributing factors including discharged pollution from  abattoirs, sewage and rubbish into Sydney Harbour and Sydney ocean beaches from 1852-2014.

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Great White Shark
A study into shark attacks conducted by university students
A study into shark attacks conducted by university students

Minimising the risk of attack

Even though shark attacks are random events and remain an unlikely danger for humans entering the water there is always a level of risk involved.

To minimise the risk of encountering a shark it is essential we increase our knowledge of shark behaviour and their biology. This article explores tips for preventing an attack, what to do if you see a shark and how to assist a person who has been bitten.

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A study into shark attacks conducted by university students
Port Jackson Shark. Photo: Bluebottle Films
Port Jackson Shark. Photo: Bluebottle Films

Changing patterns of shark attacks

Although infrequent, shark attacks attract a high level of public and media interest, and often have serious consequences for those attacked. Data from the Australian Shark Attack File were examined to determine trends in unprovoked shark attacks since 1900, particularly over the past two decades.

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Port Jackson Shark. Photo: Bluebottle Films