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Zoo location: 
Scientific Name: 
Panthera tigris ssp. sumatrae
Species class: 
tigris ssp. sumatrae
Critically Endangered
Population Trend: 
Quick Facts

Lifespan: 10 to 20 years in the wild and up to 26 years in human care.

Size: Males – 2.4m long

Females – 2.2m long

Weight: Males – 120kg, Females – 80-90kg

Fun Facts
  • The tiger’s whiskers are just a little longer than the width of its body which helps it to navigate in the dark dense undergrowth
  • The Sumatran Tiger is the smallest of the surviving subspecies of tiger
  • Webbing between their toes makes them very good swimmers.
  • They have white spots behind their ears, which are known as “eye spots”. These function as false eyes warning off any predators approaching from behind.
  • The pattern of stripes is unique to each animal, much in the same way as fingerprints are used to identify people
Distribution Map: 

Sumatran Tiger

Taronga has made a centenary commitment to the long-term support of this species. Donate or find out more about how you can support our cause.

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Get closer than ever to the critically endangered Sumatran Tiger at Taronga Zoo Sydney's new immersive experience, Tiger Trek, now open.

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At Taronga:

Taronga is proud to be part of a regional conservation management plan for Sumatran Tigers including breeding, fundraising, research and community action to support sustainable Palm Oil.

Taronga Zoo Sydney’s new, world-class Sumatran Tiger experience, Tiger Trek is an expansive, Indonesian-themed exhibit where guests can get up close to the endangered Sumatran Tigers and learn how simple shopping choices can help to preserve their precious, natural habitat. 

Tiger Trek is home to 4 year old male Clarence, who came to Taronga Zoo Sydney from Australia Zoo in May 2017, as well as Jumilah, the mother to youngsters Kembali and Kartika. Jumilah and her cubs were moved to Taronga Western Plains Zoo during construction of the new Tiger Trek experience. They joined Taronga's young male tiger Sakti, who moved there in 2014.

Jumilah was born at Taronga Zoo in 2003 and lived with her mother Assiqua, until our male Satu arrived from Stuttgart Zoo in Germany in 2008. Assiqua then moved to Adelaide Zoo and in 2011 Jumilah became the proud mother of our three cubs. Kembali (pronounced Kembali – meaning ‘return’) was the first born of our cubs, followed by Kartika (‘the great’) & Sakti (pronounced Sarkti – meaning ‘invincible’ or ‘powerful’). We were extremely excited by the birth of our 3 cubs which are the result of years of work by the carnivore keepers to create an environment conducive to successful introduction, mating, birth and mothering. These 3 precious cubs represent nearly 1% of the total wild population of tigers, so their birth was incredibly important in developing a world-wide safety net against the loss of Sumatran Tigers in the wild. When Kartika, Sakti and Kembali become adults they will have a vital role to play in the conservation of this stunning creature.

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